What is the guidance for tipping during Kilimanjaro trek?

In your mountain trekking tariff, you have paid for your guides a day in wages, depending on their experience and level of responsibility. Your porters have received equally received remuneration for their incredible feats in transporting your tents, chairs, tables, cooking equipment, food, water, safety equipment and Portales, through dangerous and inhospitable terrain. You would also find some poor and cheap mountain operators, some even well-know, and often underpay their staff, making them humiliatingly dependent on gifts of equipment and tips from clients. Recommend tipping your support staff at approved rates in appreciation of the risks and hardships they have endured to promote your security, convenience and enjoyment of your Kilimanjaro climbing quest, and for the encouragement, knowledge and heart-lifting entertainment they have provided en-route. As you would be charged more if they were paid higher wages direct. Tipping maintains the status of operators Mountain Staff in competition with staff of other outfitters. It is a cultural concession which increases the dignity and self-esteem of your support team if they receive a token of your direct personal appreciation of their devoted care. Tips are not dependent on achieving Uhuru Peak, nor even Gilmore Point, but are determined by your opinion of their care, expertise and value in looking after you on your Kilimanjaro trekking trip. Tipping is performed in a kind of ceremonial ritual on return to your Moshi accommodation at the completion of your climb as a gift from the group presented to each individual separately, rather than to the leader, although you may wish to make an extra gift of money or ever welcome superfluous equipment as a personal mark of gratitude for some special victorious enhancement of your Kilimanjaro challenge experience.
Tips are collected by an assigned group member and allocated for separate presentation to each support group member when all are assembled for a special farewell gathering. It is most important to your team as a fitting ending to a hazardous shared Tanzanian adventure on Kilimanjaro, and a special mark of their individual worth which they can present to their families as proof of the value placed on their service and the risks they have taken on y